Robert Murphy / “Under the Shadow of Hollywood” / All Our Yesterdays / 1986

By mid 1920s, sense in Britain that America had exploited wartime disruptions to unfair advantage. By 1918, 80% films came from Hollywood. British film industry ranks depleted by conscription. Short-lived post-war boom for film industry. Alleged unfair American booking practices, “block booking,” where exhibitors accepted mediocre films along with good ones. The first Cinematograph Films Bill, 1927, set quota. Many film directors and actor enjoyed making quickie quotas– room for play, and opportunities for offbeat directors. Summary: American government always recognized the importance of its film industry, and tried to foster it. Versus British government tried to maintain film industry at lowest possible cost.

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